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جمارك السيارات استفسارات وموضوعات خاصة بجمارك السيارات وادخال السيارات المستورده لمصر


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  #1  
قديم 01-03-2012, 05:40 PM
الصورة الرمزية Felefel Ahmed
Felefel Ahmed Felefel Ahmed غير متواجد حالياً
من انا؟: 18 سنه عربيات
التخصص العملى: Senior Supply Chain Manager, now Project Manager
هواياتي: سيارات , صيد, غطس , PS , سفر ,كره سله سابقا
 
تاريخ التسجيل: Dec 2011
الموقع: Cairo, Alex
المشاركات: 291
Felefel Ahmed has a reputation beyond reputeFelefel Ahmed has a reputation beyond reputeFelefel Ahmed has a reputation beyond reputeFelefel Ahmed has a reputation beyond reputeFelefel Ahmed has a reputation beyond reputeFelefel Ahmed has a reputation beyond reputeFelefel Ahmed has a reputation beyond reputeFelefel Ahmed has a reputation beyond reputeFelefel Ahmed has a reputation beyond reputeFelefel Ahmed has a reputation beyond reputeFelefel Ahmed has a reputation beyond repute
مميز كما وعدت (الأختصارات الجمركيه لطرق الشحنEXW, FCA, CPT, CIF,DAT, DAP, DDP, FOB) أخر تعديل للقانون الدولي للشحن incoterms-2010(ممنوع الأقتباس لأي منتدي بدون أذن أداره مصر موتورز)

ممنوع الأقتباس لأي منتدي بدون أذن أداره مصر موتورز

1. Two new Incoterms rules - DAT and DAP - have been replaced the Incoterms ®2000 rules DAF, DES. DEQ
and DDU
- The number of Incoterms rules has been reduced from 13 to 11. This has been achieved by substituting two
new rules that may be used irrespective in the agreed mode of transport - DAT, Delivered at Terminal and DAP
Delivered at Place - for the Incoterms 2000 rules DAF, DES, DEQ and DDU
- Under both new rules, delivery occurs at a named destination: in DAT, at the buyer's disposal unloaded from
the arriving vehicle (as under former DEQ rule); in DAP likewise at the buyer's disposal, but ready for unloading
(as under the former DAF, DES and DDU rules)
- The new rules make the Incoterms 2000 rules DES and DEQ superfluous. The name terminal in DAT may well
be in a port, and DAT can therefore safely be used in cases where the Incoterms 2000 rule DEQ once was.
Likewise the arriving "vehicle" under DAP may well be a ship and the named place of destination may be well
be a port: consequently DAP can be safely be used in cases where the Incoterms 2000 rules DES once was.
These new rules, like their predecessors, are delivered, with the seller bearing all the costs (other than those
related to import clearance, where applicable) and risks involved in bringing the goods to the named place of
destination.
2. Classification of the 11 Incoterms rules
The 11 Incoterms® rules are presented in two distinct classes:
- Rules for any mode or modes of transport
EXW
EX WORK

FCA
FREE CARRIER

CPT
CARRIAGE PAID TO

CIP
CARRIAGE AND INSURANCE PAID TO

DAT
DELIVERED AT TERMINAL

DAP
DELIVERED AT PLACE

DDP
DELIVERED DUTY PAID


EXW - Ex Works ….named place of delivery
GUIDANCE NOTE:
- This rule may be used irrespective of the mode of transport selected and may also be used where more than any mode of transport is employed.
It is suitable for domestic trade, which FCA is usually more appropriate for international trade.
- "Ex Works" mean that the seller delivers when it places the goods at the disposal of the buyers at the seller's premise or at another named place (i.e. works
factory, warehouse, etc.). The Seller does not need to load the goods onto any collecting vehicle, nor does it need to clear the goods for export, where such
clearance is applicable.
- The parties are well advised to specify as clearly as possible the point within the named place of delivery, as the costs and risks to that points are for the
for the account of the seller. The buyer bears all costs and risks involved in taking the goods from the agreed point, if any at the name place of delivery.
- EXW represents the minimum obligation for the seller. The rule should be used within care as:
a. The seller has no obligation to the buyer to load the goods, even tough in practice the seller may be in a better position to do so. If the seller does load the
goods, it does so at the buyer's risk and expense. In cases where the seller is in a better position to load the goods, FCA, which obliges the seller to do so
at its own risk and expense, is usually more appropriate
b. A buyer who buys from a seller on an EXW basis for export needs to be aware that the seller has an obligation to provide such assistance as the buyer
may require to effect that export: The seller is not bound to organize the export clearance. Buyers are therefore well advised not to use EXW if they can not
directly or indirectly obtain export clearance.
c. The buyer has limited obligations to provide to the seller any needed information for, e.g.., taxation or reporting purposes.

من ناحيه البائع

A1. General Obligations of the Seller
- The seller must provide the goods and the commercial invoices in
conformity with the contract of sale and any other evidence of conformity that
may be required by the contract
- Any documents referred to in A1-A10 may be an equivalent electronic
record or procedure if agreed between the parties or customary

A2. Licenses, authorization, security clearances and other formalities
- Where applicable, the seller must provide the buyer, at the buyer's request
risk and expense, assistance in obtaining any exportl license or other official
authorization necessary for the export of the goods
- Where applicable, the seller must provide the buyer, at the buyer's request
risk and expense, any information in the possession of the seller that is
required for the security clearance of the goods

A3. Contracts of carriage and insurance
a. Contract of carriage
- The seller has no obligation to the buyer to make a contract of carriage
b. Contract of insurance
- The seller has no obligation to the buyer to make a contract of insurance
However, the seller must provide the buyer, at the buyer's request, risk and
expense (if any), with information that the buyer needs for obtaining insurance

A4. Delivery
- The seller must deliver the goods by placing them at the disposal of the buyer
at the agreed point, if any, at the name place of delivery not loaded on any
collecting vehicle. If no specific point has been points available, the seller may
select the point that best suits its purpose. The seller must deliver the goods
on the agreed date or within the agreed period

A5. Transfer of risks
- The seller bears all the risks of loss of or damage to he goods until they have
been delivered in accordance with A4 with the exception of loss or damage in
the circumstances describes in B5

A6. Allocation of costs
- The seller must pay all cost relating to the goods until they have been
delivered in accordance with A4, other than those payable by the buyer as
envisaged in B6.

A.7 Notice to the Buyer
- The Seller must give the buyer any notice needed to enable the buyer to
take delivery

A8. Delivery Document
- The seller has no obligation to the buyer

A.9 Checking - Packaging - Marking
- The seller must pay the cost of those checking operations (such as checking
quality, measuring, weighing and counting) that are necessary for the purpose
of delivering the goods in accordance with A4.
- The seller must, at its own expense, package the goods, unless it is usual
for the particular trade to transport the type of goods sold unpackaged. The
Seller may package the goods in the manner appropriate for their transportation
unless the buyer has notified the seller of specific packaging requirement before
the contract of sale is concluded. Packaging is to he marked appropriately.

A10. Assistance with information and related costs
- The seller must, where applicable, in a timely manner, provide to or render
assistance in obtaining for the buyer, at the buyer's request, risk and expense
any documents and information, including security-related information, that the
buyer needs for the export and or import of the goods and/or for their transport
to the final destination.

من ناحيه المشتري

B. THE BUYER'S OBLIGATIONS

B1. General Obligations of the Buyer
- The Buyer must pay the price of the goods as provided in the contract of sale
- Any documents referred to in B1-B10 may be an equivalent electronic
record or procedure if agreed between the parties or customary

B2. Licenses, authorization, security clearances and other
formalities
- Where applicable, it is up to the buyer to obtain, at its own risk and expense
any export and import license or other official authorization and carry out all
formalities for export of the goods.

B3. Contracts of carriage and insurance
a. Contract of carriage
- The buyer has no obligation to the seller to make a contract of carriage
b. Contract of insurance
- The buyer has no obligation to the seller to make a contract of insurance

B4. Taking delivery
- The buyer must take delivery of the goods when A4 and A7 have been
complied with.

B5. Transfer of risks
- The buyer bears all the risks of loss of or damage to he goods from the time
they have been delivered as envisaged in A4.
- If the buyer fails to give notice in accordance with B7, then the buyer bears
all risks of loss of or damage to the goods from the agreed date or the expiry
date of the agreed period for delivery provide that the goods have been clearly
identified as the contract goods.


B6. Allocation of costs
The buyer must:

a. Pay all cost relating to the goods from the time they have been
delivered
as envisaged in A4

b. Pay any additional costs incurred by failing either to take delivery of the
goods when they have been placed at its disposal or to give appropriate notice
in accordance with B7, provided that the goods have been clearly identified as
the contract goods
c. Reimburse all costs and charges incurred by the seller in providing
assistance as envisaged in A2


B.7 Notice to the Seller
- The buyer must, whenever it is entitled to determined the time within an
agreed period and /or the point of taking delivery within the name placed, give
the seller sufficient notice thereof

B8. Proof of Delivery
- The buyer must provide the seller with appropriate evidence of having
taken delivery

B9. Inspection of Goods
- The buyer must pay the costs of any mandatory pre-shipment inspection
including inspection mandated by the authorities of the country of export.

B10. Assistance with information and related costs
- The buyer must, in a timely manner, advise the seller of any security
information requirements so that the seller may comply with A10
- The buyer must reimburse the seller for all costs and charges incurred
by the seller in providing or rendering assistance in obtaining documents
and information as envisaged in A10.


يستكمل
__________________

Ahmed Felefel
رد مع اقتباس
  #2  
قديم 01-03-2012, 06:09 PM
الصورة الرمزية Felefel Ahmed
Felefel Ahmed Felefel Ahmed غير متواجد حالياً
من انا؟: 18 سنه عربيات
التخصص العملى: Senior Supply Chain Manager, now Project Manager
هواياتي: سيارات , صيد, غطس , PS , سفر ,كره سله سابقا
 
تاريخ التسجيل: Dec 2011
الموقع: Cairo, Alex
المشاركات: 291
Felefel Ahmed has a reputation beyond reputeFelefel Ahmed has a reputation beyond reputeFelefel Ahmed has a reputation beyond reputeFelefel Ahmed has a reputation beyond reputeFelefel Ahmed has a reputation beyond reputeFelefel Ahmed has a reputation beyond reputeFelefel Ahmed has a reputation beyond reputeFelefel Ahmed has a reputation beyond reputeFelefel Ahmed has a reputation beyond reputeFelefel Ahmed has a reputation beyond reputeFelefel Ahmed has a reputation beyond repute
افتراضي رد: كما وعدت (الأختصارات الجمركيه لطرق الشحنEXW, FCA, CPT, CIF,DAT, DAP, DDP, FOB) أخر تعديل للقانون الدولي للشحن incoterms-2010(ممنوع الأقتباس لأي منتدي بدون أذن أداره مصر موتورز)

FCA - Free Carrier……named place of delivery

This rule may be used irrespective of the mode of transport selected and may also be used where more than one mode of transport is employed
- "Free Carrier" means that the seller delivers the goods to the carrier or another person nominated by the buyer at the seller's premises or another named
place. The parties are well advised to specify as clearly as possible the point within the named place delivery as the risk passes to the buyer at that point.
- If the parties intend to deliver the goods at the seller's premises, they should identify the address of those premises as the named place of delivery. If on
the other hand, the parties intend the goods to be delivered at another place, they must identify a different specific place of delivery.
- FCA requires the seller to clear the goods for export, where applicable. However, the seller has no obligation to clear the goods for import, pay any
import duty or carry out any import custom formalities.


من ناحيه البائع


A1. General Obligations of the Seller
- The seller must provide the goods and the commercial invoices in
conformity with the contract of sale and any other evidence of conformity that
may be required by the contract
- Any documents referred to in A1-A10 may be an equivalent electronic
record or procedure if agreed between the parties or customary

A2. Licenses, authorization, security clearances and other formalities
- Where applicable, the seller must obtain, at its own risk and expense, any
export license or other official authorization and carry out all customs
formalities necessary for the export of goods.

A3. Contracts of carriage and insurance
a. Contract of carriage
- The seller has no obligation to the buyer to make a contract of carriage
However, if requested by the buyer or if it's commercial practice and the buyer
does not give an instruction to the contrary in due time, the seller may
contract for carriage on usual terms at the buyer's risk and expense. In either
case, the seller may decline to make the contract of carriage and, if it does,
shall promptly notify the buyer.
b. Contract of insurance
- The seller has no obligation to the buyer to make a contract of insurance
However, the seller must provide the buyer, at the buyer's request, risk and
expense (if any), with information that the buyer needs for obtaining insurance

A4. Delivery
- The seller must deliver the goods to the carrier or another person nominated
by the buyer at the agreed point, if any, at the name place on the agreed date
within the agreed period.
- Delivery is completed:
a. If the name place is the seller's premises, when the goods have been loaded
on the means of transport provided by the buyer.
b. in any other case, when the goods are placed at the disposal of the carrier
or another person nominated by the buyer on the seller's means of transport
ready for unloading
- If no specific point has been notified by the buyer under B1 d, within the named
place of delivery and if there are sever points available, the seller may select
the point that best suits its purpose.
- Unless the buyer notifies the seller otherwise, the seller may delivery the
goods for carriage in such a manner as the quantity and its nature of the goods
may require.
A5. Transfer of risks
- The seller bears all the risks of loss of or damage to he goods until they have
been delivered in accordance with A4 with the exception of loss or damage in
the circumstances describes in B5

A6. Allocation of costs
The seller must pay:
a) all costs relating to the goods until they have been delivered in accordance
with A4, other than those payable by the buyer as envisaged in B6 ; and
b) where applicable, the cost of customs formalities necessary for export, as
well as all duties, taxes and other charges payable upon export.

A.7 Notice to the Buyer
- The seller must , at the buyer's risk and expense, give the buyer sufficient
notice either that the goods have been delivered in accordance with A4 or that
the carrier or another persons nominated by the buyer has failed to take the
goods within the time agreed

A8. Delivery Document
- The seller must provide the buyer, at the seller's expense, with the actual
proof that the goods have been delivered in accordance with A4.
- The seller must provide assistance to the buyer, at the buyer's request, risk
and expense, in obtaining a transport document.
A.9 Checking - Packaging - Marking
- The seller must pay the cost of those checking operations (such as checking
quality, measuring, weighing and counting) that are necessary for the purpose
of delivering the goods in accordance with A4 as well as the costs of any
pre-shipment inspection mandated by the authority of the country of export
- The seller must, at its own expense, package the goods, unless it is usual
for the particular trade to transport the type of goods sold unpackaged. The
Seller may package the goods in the manner appropriate for their transportation
unless the buyer has notified the seller of specific packaging requirement before
the contract of sale is concluded. Packaging is to he marked appropriately.

A10. Assistance with information and related costs
- The seller must, where applicable, in a timely manner, provide to or render
assistance in obtaining for the buyer, at the buyer's request, risk and expense
any documents and information, including security-related information, that the
buyer needs for the export and or import of the goods and/or for their transport
to the final destination.
- The seller must reimburse the buyer for all costs and charges incurred by the
buyer in providing or rendering assistance in obtaining documents and
information as envisaged in B10
من ناحيه المشتري


B. THE BUYER'S OBLIGATIONS

B1. General Obligations of the Buyer
- The Buyer must pay the price of the goods as provided in the contract of sale

- Any documents referred to in B1-B10 may be an equivalent electronic
record or procedure if agreed between the parties or customary

B2. Licenses, authorization, security clearances and other formalities
- Where applicable, it is up to the buyer to obtain, at its own risk and expense
any export and import license or other official authorization and carry out all
formalities for export of the goods and for their transportation through any
country

B3. Contracts of carriage and insurance
a. Contract of carriage
- The buyer must contract at its own expense for the carriage of the goods
from the named placed of delivery except when the contract of carriage is made
by the seller as provided for in A3 a.

b. Contract of insurance
- The buyer has no obligation to the seller to make a contract of insurance

B4. Taking delivery
- The buyer must take delivery of the goods when they have been delivered as
envisaged in A4.

B5. Transfer of risks
The buyer bears all risks of loss of or damage to the goods from the time they
have been delivered as envisaged in A4. If :
a. the buyer fails in accordance with B7 to notify the nomination of a carrier
or another person as envisaged in A4 or to give notice; or
b. The carrier or person nominated by the buyer as envisaged in A4 fails to take
the goods into its charge, then the buyers bears all risks of loss of or damage
to the goods:
i. From the agreed date, or in the absence of an agreed date,
ii. From the date notified by the seller under A7 within the agreed period; or , if
no such date has been notified,
iii. From the expiry date of any agreed period of delivery
Provided that the goods have been clearly identified as the contract of goods.
B6. Allocation of costs
The buyer must:
a. Pay all costs relating to the goods from the time they have been delivered
as envisaged in A4 except, where applicable, the costs of customs formalities
necessary for export as well as all duties, taxes, and other charges payable
upon export as referred to in A6. b);
b. any additional costs incurred , either because:
i. the buyer fails to nominate a carrier or another person envisaged in A4, or
ii. The carrier or person nominated by the buyer as envisaged in A4 fails to
take the goods into its discharge, or.
iii. The buyer has failed to give appropriate notice in accordance with B7
Provided that the goods have been clearly identified as the contract goods.
and;
c. Where applicable, all duties, taxes and other charges as well as the costs
of carrying out customs formalities payable upon import of the goods and the
costs for their transport through any country.
B.7 Notice to the Seller
The buyer must notify the seller of:
a. the name of the carrier or another person nominated as envisaged in A4
within sufficient time as to enable the seller to deliver the goods in accordance
with that article.
b. Where necessary, the selected time within the period agreed for delivery
when the carrier or person nominated will take the goods.
c. The mode of transport to be used by the person nominated ; and
d. the point of taking delivery within the named place.
B8. Proof of Delivery
- The buyer must accept the proof of delivery provided as envisaged in A8

B9. Inspection of Goods
- The buyer must pay the costs of any mandatory pre-shipment inspection
including inspection mandated by the authorities of the country of export.

B10. Assistance with information and related costs
- The buyer must, in a timely manner, advise the seller of any security
information requirements so that the seller may comply with A10
- The buyer must reimburse the seller for all costs and charges incurred
by the seller in providing or rendering assistance in obtaining documents
and information as envisaged in A10.
- The buyer must, where applicable, in a timely manner, provide to or render
assistance in obtaining for the buyer, at the buyer's request, risk and expense
any documents and information, including security-related information, that the
seller needs for the transport and export of the goods and for their transport
through any country.
__________________

Ahmed Felefel
رد مع اقتباس
  #3  
قديم 01-03-2012, 09:58 PM
الصورة الرمزية Marlborooo
Marlborooo Marlborooo غير متواجد حالياً
من انا؟: Hassan
هواياتي: مش عارف
 
تاريخ التسجيل: Feb 2012
الموقع: مصر
المشاركات: 1,413
Marlborooo has a reputation beyond reputeMarlborooo has a reputation beyond reputeMarlborooo has a reputation beyond reputeMarlborooo has a reputation beyond reputeMarlborooo has a reputation beyond reputeMarlborooo has a reputation beyond reputeMarlborooo has a reputation beyond reputeMarlborooo has a reputation beyond reputeMarlborooo has a reputation beyond reputeMarlborooo has a reputation beyond reputeMarlborooo has a reputation beyond repute
افتراضي رد: كما وعدت (الأختصارات الجمركيه لطرق الشحنEXW, FCA, CPT, CIF,DAT, DAP, DDP, FOB) أخر تعديل للقانون الدولي للشحن incoterms-2010(ممنوع الأقتباس لأي منتدي بدون أذن أداره مصر موتورز)

والله يا معلم انت عامل شغل عالي اووووووي اوووووي
هو انا فهمت شوية حجات وفي حجات مفهمتهاش ( لغتي الاولي فرنساوي)

فلو ممكن حضرتك تترجم الكلام عشان الناس اللي زي حلاتي ، حضرتك مش كل الناس هتقدر تفهم الكلام

وشكرا ليك:CONGRA~23 8:
رد مع اقتباس
  #4  
قديم 01-03-2012, 10:55 PM
الصورة الرمزية Felefel Ahmed
Felefel Ahmed Felefel Ahmed غير متواجد حالياً
من انا؟: 18 سنه عربيات
التخصص العملى: Senior Supply Chain Manager, now Project Manager
هواياتي: سيارات , صيد, غطس , PS , سفر ,كره سله سابقا
 
تاريخ التسجيل: Dec 2011
الموقع: Cairo, Alex
المشاركات: 291
Felefel Ahmed has a reputation beyond reputeFelefel Ahmed has a reputation beyond reputeFelefel Ahmed has a reputation beyond reputeFelefel Ahmed has a reputation beyond reputeFelefel Ahmed has a reputation beyond reputeFelefel Ahmed has a reputation beyond reputeFelefel Ahmed has a reputation beyond reputeFelefel Ahmed has a reputation beyond reputeFelefel Ahmed has a reputation beyond reputeFelefel Ahmed has a reputation beyond reputeFelefel Ahmed has a reputation beyond repute
افتراضي رد: كما وعدت (الأختصارات الجمركيه لطرق الشحنEXW, FCA, CPT, CIF,DAT, DAP, DDP, FOB) أخر تعديل للقانون الدولي للشحن incoterms-2010(ممنوع الأقتباس لأي منتدي بدون أذن أداره مصر موتورز)


المشاركة الأصلية كتبت بواسطة ابو الشوق كاديلك مشاهدة المشاركة

والله يا معلم انت عامل شغل عالي اووووووي اوووووي
هو انا فهمت شوية حجات وفي حجات مفهمتهاش ( لغتي الاولي فرنساوي)

فلو ممكن حضرتك تترجم الكلام عشان الناس اللي زي حلاتي ، حضرتك مش كل الناس هتقدر تفهم الكلام

وشكرا ليك:CONGRA~23 8:

وأنا ألي عمال أحضر لباقى الموضوع :fun_wallba sh: وأقول لنفسي هو ليه مفيش حد بيعلق أو مبسوط
بس يا أبو الشوق انتا معاك حق
انا عايز سنه علشان أترجم + ألي هيستخدم الكلام ده لازم يستخدمه بالأنجليزي (مفيش اجانب بيتكلمو عربي)
ما علينا انا فكرت ولقيت ان اعمل كلمتين وبس كمعلومه
وهكتب ألي ممكن الشخص العادي يستخدمه مش 10000000 طريقه


FOB
,ديه معناها
بالنسبه للجمرك = قيمه المنتج من المصنع
بالنسبه للبائع = اديلوه البضاعه فى الميناء (ومليش دعوه)
بالنسبه للمشتري =
- أحاسب شركه الشحن ألي البائع شحن عليها (طبعا الشغل الصح أنى اظبت شركه شحن معاه قبل ما يشحن) + كل السلطات لغايه متدخل البلد (تفريغ + مستخلص + ضرايب جمارك.......كله)

CIF
بالنسبه للجمرك = القيمه ألي بيتحسب بيها الضريبه الجمركيه
بالنسبه للبائع = أسلم البضاعه علي حسابى حتى ميناء المشتري المتفق عليه
بالنسبه للمشتري = أول البضاعه ما توصل أبعت المستخلص بتاعى ويبتدي الدفع علي حسابى من أول المستخلص والجمارك (فى بلدي) الي اخره
طبعا لازم استلم اوراق الشحنه من البائع علشان اخلص فى الجمرك ويفضل انها تكون موثقه
الأوراق المطلوبه عموما هى (فاتوره الشحن + شهاده المنشأ)
طبعا أحلي تظبيط انك تقول للبائع هاتلي فاتوره ب كذا ووثقها وأي مشكله فى الجمرك هوا ألي يلبس (طبعا محدش بيلبس)

DTD
التسليم من الباب الي الباب
يعنى بتطلب حاجه وتجيلك حتى عنوان تحدده
بس هنا البياع بيدبحك يعنى لو هو متوقع يدفع فى اليله ديه 1000 جنيه هيفوترك قبل الشحن ب 5000

EXW
EX Work
يعنى انا المشتري بستلم البضاعه فى مصنع او مخزن البائع واتحمل كل المصاريف والترتيبات حتى وصول الشحنه بلدي ودخولها من الجمارك

دول أهم المصطلحات ألي الأنسان العادي ممكن يحتك بيهم غير كده لازم يكون متخصص
__________________

Ahmed Felefel
رد مع اقتباس
  #5  
قديم 01-03-2012, 11:05 PM
atgps atgps غير متواجد حالياً

 
تاريخ التسجيل: Aug 2009
المشاركات: 1,023
atgps has a reputation beyond reputeatgps has a reputation beyond reputeatgps has a reputation beyond reputeatgps has a reputation beyond reputeatgps has a reputation beyond reputeatgps has a reputation beyond reputeatgps has a reputation beyond reputeatgps has a reputation beyond reputeatgps has a reputation beyond reputeatgps has a reputation beyond reputeatgps has a reputation beyond repute
افتراضي رد: كما وعدت (الأختصارات الجمركيه لطرق الشحنEXW, FCA, CPT, CIF,DAT, DAP, DDP, FOB) أخر تعديل للقانون الدولي للشحن incoterms-2010(ممنوع الأقتباس لأي منتدي بدون أذن أداره مصر موتورز)


المشاركة الأصلية كتبت بواسطة Felefel Ahmed مشاهدة المشاركة

وأنا ألي عمال أحضر لباقى الموضوع :fun_wallba sh: وأقول لنفسي هو ليه مفيش حد بيعلق أو مبسوط
بس يا أبو الشوق انتا معاك حق
انا عايز سنه علشان أترجم + ألي هيستخدم الكلام ده لازم يستخدمه بالأنجليزي (مفيش اجانب بيتكلمو عربي)
ما علينا انا فكرت ولقيت ان اعمل كلمتين وبس كمعلومه
وهكتب ألي ممكن الشخص العادي يستخدمه مش 10000000 طريقه


FOB
,ديه معناها
بالنسبه للجمرك = قيمه المنتج من المصنع
بالنسبه للبائع = اديلوه البضاعه فى الميناء (ومليش دعوه)
بالنسبه للمشتري =
- أحاسب شركه الشحن ألي البائع شحن عليها (طبعا الشغل الصح أنى اظبت شركه شحن معاه قبل ما يشحن) + كل السلطات لغايه متدخل البلد (تفريغ + مستخلص + ضرايب جمارك.......كله)

CIF
بالنسبه للجمرك = القيمه ألي بيتحسب بيها الضريبه الجمركيه
بالنسبه للبائع = أسلم البضاعه علي حسابى حتى ميناء المشتري المتفق عليه
بالنسبه للمشتري = أول البضاعه ما توصل أبعت المستخلص بتاعى ويبتدي الدفع علي حسابى من أول المستخلص والجمارك (فى بلدي) الي اخره
طبعا لازم استلم اوراق الشحنه من البائع علشان اخلص فى الجمرك ويفضل انها تكون موثقه
الأوراق المطلوبه عموما هى (فاتوره الشحن + شهاده المنشأ)
طبعا أحلي تظبيط انك تقول للبائع هاتلي فاتوره ب كذا ووثقها وأي مشكله فى الجمرك هوا ألي يلبس (طبعا محدش بيلبس)

DTD
التسليم من الباب الي الباب
يعنى بتطلب حاجه وتجيلك حتى عنوان تحدده
بس هنا البياع بيدبحك يعنى لو هو متوقع يدفع فى اليله ديه 1000 جنيه هيفوترك قبل الشحن ب 5000

EXW
EX Work
يعنى انا المشتري بستلم البضاعه فى مصنع او مخزن البائع واتحمل كل المصاريف والترتيبات حتى وصول الشحنه بلدي ودخولها من الجمارك

دول أهم المصطلحات ألي الأنسان العادي ممكن يحتك بيهم غير كده لازم يكون متخصص

الله ينور عليك
بس CIF معناها تسليم البضاعة فى ميناء المشترى شاملة التأمين عليها وده الفرق بين الـ CIF والـ C&F
ففى حالة C&F التسليم فى ميناء المشترى بدون تأمين على البضاعة
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الساعة الآن 04:51 AM.


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